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Drug Addiction in Idaho

People get addicted to a wide spectrum of psychoactive substances, from legal drugs like alcohol through to illegal drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Drug addiction in Idaho is a major problem in some communities, with professional addiction treatment often needed to break the bonds of addiction. Widely available Illegal drugs include marijuana, powder cocaine, crack cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, heroin, MDMA, LSD and many others. Access to treatment largely depends on the substance and extent of addiction, with each drug needing to be treated differently to ensure successful discontinuation and recovery. If you or anyone you know is struggling with Illegal drug addiction in Idaho, it’s important to find professional help as soon as you can.


Drug categories

Illegal drugs are often classified according to how they act on the human body, with some drugs known as central nervous system (CNS) depressants and others known as CNS stimulants. Depressants include marijuana and heroin, with prescription opiates and sedatives also falling into this category. While they are not illicit drugs when prescribed, a number of prescription medications do find their way onto the black market. CNS stimulants include cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, and MDMA among others. There is also a third category of drugs known as hallucinogens, including the potent psychedelics LSD and mescaline among others. Illicit drugs can also be classified according to their addictive potential, with some substances known to produce physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use and others known to produce emotional-motivational symptoms. Other than marijuana, CNS depressants are more likely to cause physical dependence, with stimulants associated with a purely psychological reaction.


What is addiction?

An addiction is defined as the compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite the existence of negative consequences. In the context of drug addiction treatment, an addiction is recognized when people continue to consume drugs compulsively despite the existence of health and social problems. Drug addiction is often accompanied by tolerance and withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use, including physical-somatic and emotional-motivational symptoms. Other signs of drug addiction may include compulsive use patterns, an inability to slow down consumption, spending a lot of time involved with the substance in question, and experiencing problems without stopping drug intake.


Drug addiction is a learned behavior that normally develops slowly over time, with people who abuse drugs on a regular basis the most prone to addiction. Drug addictions are both intrinsically rewarding and positively reinforcing, meaning that people seek repeated exposure due to the short-term benefits of consumption. Addictions are maintained by neuronal adaptations, with new psychological associations needing to be made to avoid relapse. While most treatment centers deal exclusively with psychoactive substances, behavioral addictions are also possible. Common behavioral addictions include gambling addiction, sex addiction, food addiction, computer addiction, Internet addiction, and shopping addiction.


Illegal drug statistics in Idaho

The state of Idaho experiences problems with many Illegal drugs, including marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, and heroin. While the rate of illegal drug use in the state is lower than the national average, there is still a lot of work to do. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 6.57 percent of Idaho residents reported using illegal drugs during the past month, compared to 8.02 percent of the national population. The rate of abuse was also lower when marijuana was taken out of the equation, with 3.11 percent compared to 3.58 percent. Despite these encouraging statistics, certain drugs continue to cause problems in some communities. According to the Treatment Episode Data Set, published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, heroin is the main reason for drug treatment admissions in Idaho, followed by marijuana, prescription opiates, and cocaine. Prescription drug abuse is also a growing problem in the state, with the rate of drug-induced deaths higher than the national average at 14.6 per 100,000 population compared to 12.7 per 100,000 population. While heroin is responsible for some fatalities, most drug-induced deaths involve prescription opiates.


Heroin addiction and treatment

Heroin, also known on the Illegal as H, smack, junk, horse and many other names, is a potent central nervous system (CNS) depressant and opioid taken to induce feelings or euphoria. While heroin is closely related to the naturally occurring morphine molecule, it is much stronger and more addictive. Heroin addiction is recognized by tolerance and the existence of withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use, with physical-somatic and emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms both likely upon cessation of use. Common withdrawal symptoms from heroin addiction include sweating, nausea, vomiting, cramps, involuntary body movements, depression, and insomnia. Treatment for heroin addiction and other opiate problems typically consists of medical detox followed by rehabilitation and aftercare. Other opiate drugs may be used to reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms and promote long-term recovery, including methadone and buprenorphine.


Cocaine addiction and treatment

Cocaine is a CNS stimulant widely available on the black market where it is taken to induce feelings of confidence and energy.  Cocaine is available in two distinct forms, with powder cocaine typically snorted and crack cocaine typically smoked. Like most CNS stimulants, cocaine does not produce any physical withdrawal symptoms when drug intake is stopped, with a psychological withdrawal syndrome experienced instead. Common withdrawal symptoms include severe drug cravings, insomnia, lack of motivation, and changes to sleeping and eating patterns. Medication treatment is largely ineffective when treating cocaine addiction, with treatment programs based around psychotherapy measures instead. Common treatment modalities include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, contingency management, and family therapy. Relapse prevention techniques and systems also play an important role during cocaine addiction treatment, with therapists helping clients to recognize triggers and cope with difficult situations as they arise. If you or anyone you know is struggling with any kind of drug addiction, it’s important to find professional support as soon as you can.