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Addiction Therapy Programs for Substance Abuse

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration compiled data showing the most abused drugs in the state of Idaho based on the number of admissions into drug rehab centers. Marijuana topped to the list as being the most treated addiction in the state with prescription painkillers the second highest. Cocaine was the next highest abused substance followed by heroin, stimulants and tranquilizers. Addiction therapy is a way that addicts can find help through professional assistance and programs in Idaho. Addiction therapy can help to address the issues that may have led to the substance abuse as well as other co-occurring mental health disorders that may be occurring at the same time.


What is substance addiction?

Addiction is a mental disease that usually requires addiction therapy in order to break the dangerous cycle of substance abuse. An addiction to substances is characterized by compulsive substance abuse even if it is doing harm to the person physically, emotionally or socially. It changes the structure of the brain and how it functions, altering behavior and thinking.


An addiction can develop in multiple ways. Certain aspects of a person’s life such as their environment and their genetics can have a major impact on whether they are prone to addiction or not. What type of drug is abused also has an effect on the likelihood of an addiction forming such as heroin, a highly addictive opiate. In the case of a physically addictive substance such as opiates, the function of the reward center of the brain changes; the release of dopamine and serotonin by the opiates slows down their own naturally production. This leads to withdrawal symptoms when the drug abuse stops because there is an imbalance in healthy brain chemistry.  Others may use drugs as a way to escape their problems by altering their mood. Continuing to do so over long period causes the person to begin to rely on the substance in order to cope.


Treatment options: inpatient vs. outpatient

Both inpatient and outpatient programs see success in helping to treat substance use disorder. Inpatient programs have the patient stay at the center offering them around-the-clock care. The facilities are drug and alcohol free, which helps to keep patients clean during their recovery. An inpatient program is perfect for a person who does not have the right kind of home environment that is supportive of their recovery. They will also have to leave the responsibilities such as work or school for the duration of the program. An inpatient rehab program is the most intensive form of treatment there is, ideal with severe addiction.


An outpatient center needs a patient to attend meetings and therapy at least 3 times a week. This can be done when it best suites the patient. They can tend to their responsibilities such as work while receiving treatment for their addiction. The patient’s home environment should be suitable for recovery, meaning that it should not have drugs and alcohol available and supportive people to help the person stay clean and sober.


What happens in treatment?

Treatment usually begins with a detoxification program. This can be assisted with medications to help ease the person through their withdrawal symptoms and prevent relapse. Once the detox is complete, a person can then enter into therapy including group, family and individual therapy. Relapse prevention is a cornerstone of treatment as many people relapse after treatment. Relapse prevention skills are taught and a post-treatment plan is made to help them when they leave the facility. They will be directed to support groups around the area to ensure that they have the kind of support they need to stay away from drugs and alcohol.